Abba

An Aramaic word for ‘father’. Jesus used it in prayer in Gethsemane (Mark 14:36), and it is twice taken up by Paul as being an address used by Christians in prayer to God. It has been held that Abba represents an intimate form of speaking, especially by children speaking to fathers and corresponding to English ‘Daddy’. However, the evidence is rather that Abba was equally an adult form of speech and was probably not the only term that Jesus used. Paul shows that the Gentile churches sometimes prayed Abba but this does not necessarily mean they were quoting Jesus' prayer; the Gentile Churches also prayed Maranatha [[➝ maranatha]]—Aramaic for ‘Lord, come!’—which was clearly not part of Jesus' prayer. Both Abba and Maranatha certainly do represent survivals into Paul's world of the early Aramaic speech of the Palestinian Church.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Abba —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir ABBA (album).   Pour l’article homophone, voir Abat (cuisine). ABBA …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ABBA — (Ba), two amoraim are known by this name. (1) ABBA (late third and early fourth centuries), in his youth probably knew Rav and Samuel, the founders of rabbinic learning in Babylonia. He was, however, primarily a disciple of R. Huna and R. Judah,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abba AB — Abba Seafood, früher Abba AB, ist ein schwedisches Unternehmen für Fischkonserven. Stammsitz von Abba Seafood ist Göteborg, die Produktionsanlagen befinden sich in Kungshamn und Hövenäset. Das Unternehmen wurde 1838 im norwegischen Bergen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abba — • Aramaic word for father Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Abba     Abba     † Catholic Encyc …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Abba — title of honor, from L. abba, from Gk. abba, from Aramaic abba the father, my father, emphatic of abh father …   Etymology dictionary

  • ABBA — (Heb. אַבָּא), Aramaic equivalent of the Hebrew (av, אָב; father ). The term was in common use from the first century onward (cf. Mark 14:36). In the early centuries of the Christian era it was used in both Jewish and Christian sources in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abba — Ab ba ([a^]b b[.a]), n. [Syriac abb[=a] father. See {Abbot}.] Father; religious superior; in the Syriac, Coptic, and Ethiopic churches, a title given to the bishops, and by the bishops to the patriarch. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Abba — (syrisch), 1) Vater; 2) so v.w. Abt; 3) in Habesch ein Schriftgelehrter …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Abba — (hebräisch chald., »Vater«), in jüdischen und altchristlichen Gebeten Anrede an Gott (s. Jesus Christus), dann in morgenländischen Kirchen Titel der Bischöfe und Patriarchen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Abba — (aramäisch, »Vater«), altchristl. Anrede an Gott (Röm. 8, 15); in orient. Kirchen Titel der Geistlichen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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